Case Studies of Carbon Footprint and GHG Inventories for Taiwanese MICE Service Providers

In order to gain a better understanding of conference venue greenhouse gas emissions, the GIS Group TAIPEI TECH branch office (GIS TAIPEI TECH Convention Center) participated in an organizational greenhouse gas verification in 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions between April 2015 and March 2016 were calculated and verified in accordance with the ISO 14064-1 standard to stand at total greenhouse gas emissions of 151.436 tons CO2-equivalent, for which an international certificate was also obtained.

The major sources of greenhouse gas emissions at the GIS TAIPEI TECH Convention Center came from the energy category. Such emissions at the venue, all resulting from power consumption, reached 122.014 tons of CO2-equivalent, and accounted for 80.57% of all emissions. Power conservation measures adopted by the conference center will be the key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions moving forward.

The carbon footprint of MICE activities on the other hand was targeted "Medicare Taiwan 2016," which was hosted by the Bureau of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Economic Affairs and implemented by TAITRA. The exhibition featured more than 300 exhibitors with 581 booths. In addition to exhibition-related activities on the show floor, numerous seminars and meetings were also arranged to provide exhibitors with more presentation and knowledge exchange opportunities. According to the carbon footprint verification conducted in compliance with the PAS 2050:2011 standard, the total amount of carbon emissions was 1,102.668 tons of CO2-equivalent. An international certificate was also obtained.

Eight tons of CO2-equivalent (CO2-e); the 7 categories of emission sources for this verification and their respective volumes are as follows:

Source of emissionEmission (CO2-e) volume (tons)
Booth decoration29.326
Visitor accommodation53.539
Visitor transportation789.424

Emission (CO2-e) volume (tons)


Visitor transportation






Visitor accommodation


Booth decoration






According to verification results from the past few years, visitor transportation accounted for the bulk of carbon footprints incurred by MICE events. As anticipated, among the emission categories for Medicare Taiwan 2016, carbon emissions for visitor transportation reached 789.424 tons of CO2-e and constituted 71.59% of all emissions. Among them, air transportation accounted for 54.62%, and ground transportation accounted for 16.97%, which is around 30% of air transportation. Ground transportation in the transportation category is currently the most feasible aspect for driving further reductions in carbon emissions. More room for carbon reduction can be created by encouraging and actively guiding people to take public transportation and ride bicycles, or by adopting measures such as group shuttle service.